Medical Laboratory Technician

Under the supervision of Medical Laboratory Scientists, MLTs perform most of the common laboratory tests in a medical laboratory. They examine and analyze body fluids and cells. They look for bacteria, parasites, and other microorganisms; analyze the chemical content of fluids; match blood for transfusion; and test for drug levels in the blood that show how a patient is responding to treatment. The MLTs use microscopes, cell counters, and other high-tech, computer-operated laboratory equipment. After testing and examining the samples, they analyze the results and relay them to the physicians. Those test results help doctors determine the right treatments for patients — and occasionally lead to extraordinary breakthroughs.

Degree

Associate in Applied Science (Career Program)
Total Credit Hours: 65

Program Requirements

Select a course number below to see a course description.

Required General Education Courses

Course Name Credit Hours
ENGL 110 COMPOSITION I ** 3
COMM 110 INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION: PRESENTATION AND THEORY ** 3
PSY 110 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY ** 3
BIOL 140
or
HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY **
or
4
BIOL 205
and
PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I **
and
4
BIOL 206 PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II ** 4
BIOL 210 MICROBIOLOGY  4
HUMANITIES/FINE ARTS * 3

Required Program Courses

Course Name Credit Hours
CHEM 120
or
PRINCIPLES OF CHEMISTRY I 
or
4
CHEM 130 GENERAL CHEMISTRY  4
CHEM 122
or
PRINCIPLES OF CHEMISTRY 
or
4
CHEM 132 GENERAL CHEMISTRY  4
MLT 101
and
INTRO TO MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE **
and
1
MLT 102
or
INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES **
or
1
MLT 110 INTRODUCTION TO THE MEDICAL LABORATORY AND PHLEBOTOMY ** 2
MLT 115 FUNDAMENTALS OF URINALYSIS AND BODY FLUIDS  3
MLT 116 FUNDAMENTALS OF IMMUNOLOGY AND SEROLOGY  2
MLT 210 FUNDAMENTALS OF HEMATOLOGY AND HEMOSTASIS  3
MLT 214 FUNDAMENTALS OF CLINICAL CHEMISTRY  2.5
MLT 216 FUNDAMENTALS OF IMMUNOHEMATOLOGY  4
MLT 218 FUNDMENTALS OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY  3
MLT 220 ADVANCED CLINICAL HEMATOLOGY  2
MLT 224 ADVANCED CLINICAL CHEMISTRY  2
MLT 222 APPLIED CLINICAL EXPERIENCE I  4
MLT 228 ADVANCED CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY  2.5
MLT 230 PROFESSIONAL SEMINAR  2
MLT 232 APPLIED CLINICAL EXPERIENCE II  5

* See specific requirements for the Associate in Applied Science Degree.
** Underlined courses may be taken prior to admission to the program.

Under the supervision of Medical Laboratory Scientists, MLTs perform most of the common laboratory tests in a medical laboratory. They examine and analyze body fluids and cells. They look for bacteria, parasites, and other microorganisms; analyze the chemical content of fluids; match blood for transfusion; and test for drug levels in the blood that show how a patient is responding to treatment. The MLTs use microscopes, cell counters, and other high-tech, computer-operated laboratory equipment. After testing and examining the samples, they analyze the results and relay them to the physicians. Those test results help doctors determine the right treatments for patients—and occasionally lead to extraordinary breakthroughs.

Students who have previously completed or transferred course requirements have accelerated program option.

The following courses may be taken to develop additional skills for the MLT graduate or for the student interested in employment in histology laboratory.  Courses are offered in cooperative agreement with OSF Saint Francis Medical Center and ICC.  Graduates of the Histotechnology Certificate Program are eligible to take the histologic technician certification examination by the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP). 

MEDLB 125  HISTOLOGY I:  GENERAL TECHNIQUES  8.0 CREDIT HRS. 

MEDLB 126  HISTOLOGY II:  SPECIAL STAINS           5.0 CREDIT HRS. 

PREREQUISITE:  An associate degree or higher to include the following:  ENGL 110, MATH 098 or MATH 115; BIOL 140; BIOL 210; CHEM 120; CHEM 122, or equivalent courses with a cumulative GPA of  2.5 or better.

 

Recommended high school subjects:  4 years English/communication; 2 years algebra; 1 year geometry; 1 year biological science; 1 year chemistry

 

Clinical experiences are provided in laboratories in Illinois and Iowa:  American Red Cross, UnityPoint Health - Methodist|Proctor, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Illinois CancerCare, and Veterans Administration Clinic, Peoria; Advocate BroMenn Medical Center, Normal; Advocate Eureka Hospital, Eureka; Graham Hospital, Canton;  Hopedale Medical Complex, Hopedale; Mason District Hospital, Havana; OSF Saint Luke Medical Center, Kewanee; OSF St. Mary's Medical Center and Cottage Hospital, Galesburg; Pekin Hospital, Pekin; OSF St. Joseph Medical Center, Bloomington; OSF Holy Family Medical Center, Monmouth; Abraham Lincoln Memorial Hospital, Lincoln; OSF Saint James – John W. Albrecht Medical Center, Pontiac; St. Margaret's Hospital, Spring Valley; Perry Memorial Hospital, Princeton; Illinois Valley Community Hospital, Peru; and Great River Medical Center, West Burlington, Iowa.

Recommended Course Sequence

Semester Courses
Summer SemesterBIOL 205 (if BIOL 205/206 option chosen)
Fall Semester 1BIOL 140 or BIOL 206; CHEM 120 or CHEM 130; ENGL 110; Humanities/Fine Arts; MLT 101; MLT 102
Spring Semester 1CHEM 122 or CHEM 132; BIOL 210; COMM 110; PSY 110; MLT 110 (if needed)
Summer SemesterMLT 115; MLT 116
Fall Semester 2MLT 210; MLT 214; MLT 216; MLT 218; MLT 222
Spring Semester 2MLT 220; MLT 224; MLT 228; MLT 230; MLT 232

Program Contact Information

Health Careers Department

Peoria Campus, Cedar 105

(309) 690-7530

Illinois Career Cluster

Health Science

Career Pathway:
Diagnostics Services

Accreditation

Our MLT program is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS)

NAACLS
5600 N River Rd, Suite 720
Rosemont, IL 60018
(773) 714-8880
(773) 714-8886 Fax
[email protected]

Graduation Rates and Local Salaries

Over the past 3 years
Board Exam Pass Rate 100%
Graduation Rate 96%
Attrition Rate 4%
Employment Placement Rate 100%

Locally, the average be rate compensation of a new MLT graduate is $16.74/hour or $33,814/year.

Essential Skills and Abilities

The below information is necessary for a MLT student to meet the requirements of the curriculum. Potential students are invited to meet with the Program Director and/or the Dean to discuss any issues associated with meeting or not meeting these requirements.

A. Observation

  • Ability to discriminate color differences/variations. Reading color chemical reactions,identifying organisms, and differentiating blood cells depend on the student’s ability to see color, changes in color, shape, and texture differences.

B. Communication

  • Ability to read and comprehend clinical textbooks, procedures, numbers, and graphs displayed in prints or on a video monitor.
  • Ability to communicate, not only in speech but also in reading and writing, with faculty, classmates, patients, physicians, and other health care professionals in a positive, tactful manner.

C. Motor

  • Ability to manipulate glass slides, tourniquets, needles, small tubes, and collection devices. (MLT students must have the dexterity to handle and manipulate safely and properly small phlebotomy devices to be able to complete required objectives.)
  • Ability to stand, walk, and bend repeatedly throughout an eight (8) hour period. (MLT students will be required to travel quickly throughout the institution collecting specimens at the bedside, chairside, and at times difficult to reach situations.)

D. Intellectual-Conceptual Abilities

  • Ability to analyze procedural tasks. Problem solving skills and critical thinking are essential to function in a clinical laboratory.
  • Ability to recognize emergency situations and take appropriate actions in a timely manner.

E. Behavioral and Social Attributes

  • Ability to maintain patient confidentiality and to exercise ethical judgment, integrity, honesty, dependability, and accountability in the performance of their laboratory responsibilities.
  • Ability to adapt to changing environment and technology.
  • Ability to maintain composure and continue phlebotomy procedures when subjected to high stress levels. (MLT students will be subjected to difficult, high stress situations in the Emergency Room, Intensive Care areas, Pediatrics, etc…, and must be able to complete the procedures safely and appropriately.)

F. Others

  • Verification of satisfactory health through completion of the physical examination.